VII


LEARN YOUR ENGLISH SERIES
ENGLISH READER
Text Book
for Class VII
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1.    How the Camel Got its Hump

 [Adapted from “Just So Stories' by Rudyard Kipling]
Thousands of years ago, when the world was new and the animals had just begun to work for Man, there lived a camel in a desert. He lived there because he did not want to work. (You know a desert has nothing but sand in it). So he ate all day. He ate thorns and sticks. He chewed cactus stems to moisten his throat. Sometimes he walked to the edge of the desert, where grasses were juicier.
He always sat below a huge sand hill, and if any creature spoke to him, he just said "Humph!"
One morning, a horse came up to him and said, "Camel, O camel! Come and live like the rest of us."
The camel opened one sleepy eye and said, "Humph!" So the horse went away and told Man.
Soon a dog came along and told the camel, “Look what I do for Man! He throws a stick and I bring it back to him. Come and do the same."
"Humph!" said the camel.
Then an ox came to him. He had a yoke on his neck. "O camel of the desert!" said he. "Come and help Man. Flough his land like I do."
The camel was by now getting rather angry for being disturbed so often. So he gave a loud 'Humph! Humph!" and walked away.
At the end of the day Man called the horse, the dog and the ox, and said, "Since that 'humph thing in the desert won't work (and there's so much to do), you'll all have to work double time."
Now this made the three very angry. They held a meeting to decide what they should do. As they were thinking, along came the Jinn of the desert. They made up their mind to ask for help.
"Jinn of the Desert," said they, “is it right for someone to be idle?" "Certainly not!" said the Jinn.
"Well," said the horse, "there's a creature in the middle of the desert. It has a long neck and long legs. He refuses to do any work."
“Very well," said the Jinn, "I'll talk to him soon."
So he rolled himself in his dust cloak, and flew across the desert to where the camel, was.
"My friend”, said the Jinn to the camell “what is this I hear about not working for Man?"
"Humph!" said the camel.
"Because of you, the horse, the dog and the ox have extra work to do," he continued.
"Humph!" said the camel.
(The Jinn realised he Uould get no other answer, so he began to recite some magic words in his mind.)
He said to the camel, "I want you to work for Man, you shouldn't sit idle."
Once again the camel answered with a loud "Humph!" But no Sooner had he said it, than he felt his back puffing up and puffing up into a great big HUMP.
"Do you see that?" said the Jinn. (The camel uns very upset.)
"That's your very own “Humph” which you've brought upon yourself by being so lazy. Now you are going to help Man."
"How can I," said the camel, “with this huge thing on my back?"
"Oh I've given that especially to you," said the Jinn. "It'll help you work harder and better."
"But how?" asked the camel.
"Well, you won't have to eat everyday from now on," explained the Jinn. "You can store your food in your humph, and then work for a week without stopping. And don't you say I never did anything for you!"
Saying this the Jinn disappeared. From that day, the camel has had a hump.
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Glossary :
moisten : to wet something
I tried to moisten the cloth.

yoke : wooden frame for joining oxen at the neck
The oxen were badly hurt when the yoke gave way.
disturb : to cause somebody to worry
It is not good to disturb people when they are working.

creature : living being
The earth is full of creatures both big and small.

extra : more than needed or required
I have an extra ticket.          

recite : to say a piece of literature aloud from memory
Rita was asked to recite a poem for the competition.

hump : a round projecting part of the back of a camel
The camel stores fat in its hump.

especially : particularly
It is not safe here to go out alone, especially at night time.

store : to keep a supply of something for future use
We have to store water during summers.

realise : to become auare of
I realise it is not easy to learn karate.

idle: not in action or at work

make up mind : decided refuse not to accept

EXERCISES 
Answer the following questions:
1. Why did the camel live in a desert?
2. What did the horse ask the camel to do?
3. What did the Jinn say after reciting some magic words in his mind?
4. Where can the camel store his food?
5. Why was the camel unhappy about his hump?

II
Who said these words and to whom?
1. "Camel, 0 camel! Come and live like the rest of us."
2. "Come and help man. Plough his land like I do."
3. "Is it right for someone to be idle?"
4. "What is this I hear about not working for man?"
5. "Well, you won't have to eat everyday from now on."
III
Complete the following sentences with the help of the text.
1. The camel chewed..
2. The ox had a yoke...
3. They made up their mind....
4. The camel was getting angry..
5. The Jinn flew..
IV
Suggest one word each from the lesson for the following expression
1. Line marking the outer limit/boundary of a place.
2. To bite food many times with your teeth.
3. A thorny plant with a thick fleshy stem with no leaves.
4. A large farming tool with sharp blades to cut and turn over the soil.
5. A large area of land where there is sand and sand and very
V
little water or very few plants.
Tick the correct word given in the brackets: 1. Our modern towns are concrete (deserts/desserts). 2. The ox had a (yolk/yoke) on his neck. 3. We should not sit (idle/ideal). 4. The magician wore a (clock/cloak). 5. The camel sat (blow/below) a huge sand hill.
VI
Write the antonyms of these words 1. often 2. end 3. lazy 4. opened 5. never

VII
Choose the correct feminine gender of the given words from the four choices:
horse : lamb/mare/deer/colt
OX : cow/bull/buffalo/pony
tiger : panther /tigress/lion/leopard
dog : bitch/kitten/bear/puppy

VIII
Complete the table using suitable degrees:
Hard



Better

Young


fast



jucier


'Dis' in the word disappeared (dis + appeared) acts as a prefix
(put at the beginning) added to some verbs to convey opposite meaning .
Make words using 'dis' as a prefix and use these words in sentences.
1. Comfort 2. like 3. courage 4. connect 5. agree