VIII



LEARN YOUR ENGLISH SERIES

Textbook
for Class VIII

(1) Abdul Hamid



This is class VIII. Mr. Varma, the class teacher, is telling the class a story. It is the story of a brave soldier named Abdul Hamid. He was a Company Quarter Master Havaldar in the Indian army. He was a very brave soldier. He fought in the 1965 war between India and Pakistan.

Mr. Varma : It is the early morning of 10 September, 1965. India is fighting against Pakistan. A Pakistani Regiment of Patton Tanks is marching on the Bhikiwind-Amritsar Road, in the Khemkaran Sector of India. It has reached a village named Cheema. This village is on the border. In this Sector, the battle has been going on since September 6. Here, Havaldar Abdul Hamid of ‘Four Grenadiers’ and the other soldiers of his company are waiting to face the Pakistani Army. Brave Abdul Hamid is sitting in a jeep. He has a special gun. The Patton Tanks of the Pakistani army are not very far from him. He could hit the tanks with his gun if he wanted to. 
       He is a good shot. But he waits. He doesn’t want to waste his shots. He wants to hit each tank with his shot. The Pakistani tanks are very powerful and dangerous. They are coming nearer and nearer. They are firing continually. Brave Abdul Hamid marches forward. He sees a Pakistani Tank. He turns his gun and fires a shot. And wow ! The tank catches fire. It goes up in flames. All the soldiers of Abdul Hamid’s company are so happy. 
Ajit : Sir, was he such a good shot ? 
Mr. Varma : O yes ! He was. He was a crack shot. Once at night, he shot a bird, just hearing its sound. 
Suresh : Really ! 
Mr. Varma : Listen further. Now he sees another tank. Abdul Hamid fires and it bursts into flames. Four more tanks are seen. They want to attack Abdul Hamid’s Company and kill him. He is their biggest enemy. They turn the guns in their tanks towards him. But before they can fire, Abdul Hamid hits the third tank also. And there it goes ! It has caught fire. Flames are rising high up into the sky. But alas ! One shell of the enemy hits his jeep. The brave hero falls down. He is badly wounded. But he doesn’t lose heart. He orders his soldiers, “Move forward; fight on !” 
Ajit : What a brave soldier he was ! 
Mr. Varma : Yes, indeed. His soldiers loved him. They obeyed his orders and fought bravely. Some more tanks of the enemy were destroyed. The Pakistani soldiers got afraid and they fled away. This brave soldier of the Indian army died for his country. He was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously. His name will always be remembered by the people of his country. His village has been named ‘Hamid Dham’ after his name.


New Words / Phrases and their Use

1. a good shot ਇੱਕ ਵਧੀਆ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੇਬਾਜ਼  (one who can shoot any target successfully) – He is such a good shot that he hardly ever misses his aim. 
2. continually ਲਗਾਤਾਰ ਰੁੱਕ ਰੁੱਕ ਕੇ (continuously with short breaks, over a long period) – It has been raining continually all this week. 
3. crack shot ਅਚੂਕ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੇਬਾਜ਼ (accurate and skilled at shooting) – Abdul Hamid was a crack shot and killed many enemy soldiers. 
4. to lose heart ਦਿਲ ਛੱਡ ਦੇਣਾ , ਨਿਰਾਸ਼ ਹੋਣਾ (to get discouraged or disappointed) – You must try again and not lose heart at your failure. 
5. damage ਨੁਕਸਾਨ ਪਹੁੰਚਾਉਣਾ  (to harm or cause a loss) – Smoking can damage your health very badly. 
6. posthumously ਮੌਤ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ (after the death of a person) – Havaldar Abdul Hamid was
honoured posthumously for his bravery.

Textual Comprehension

I. Answer each question briefly :
1. Who was Abdul Hamid ? 
2. Which sector was he fighting in ? 
3. Where is the village named Cheema situated ? 
4. What sort of tanks did Pakistan have ? 
5. What made the Indian soldiers happy ? 
6. How did Hamid destroy the enemy tanks ? 
7. How did Hamid fight the enemy and what happened to him ? 
8. How was Hamid honoured for his bravery ? 
9. How do you feel about Abdul Hamid after reading the story of his bravery ?

II. Find from the lesson lines which show that :
1. Hamid was a crack shot. 
2. He was a brave soldier. 
3. He did not lose heart. 
4. His soldiers loved him. 
5. His name will always be remembered.

III. Tick (✓) the correct option to complete each sentence :
1. Hamid could hit the tanks with his gun if he wanted to, but he waited because 
1. he did not want to waste his shots. 
2. the enemy soldiers were coming nearer. 
3. the tanks were powerful and dangerous.
2. Hamid was their biggest enemy because
1. his soldiers loved him. 
2. he was a brave soldier. 
3. he was destroying their tanks.
3. Hamid could shoot a bird at night guided by its sound because
1. he was a crack shot. 
2. he did not like birds. 
3. he loved shooting at night. 
4. Though Hamid was wounded badly, he wanted his soldiers
1. to fight on. 
2. to reach Cheema. 
3. to remember his name.

IV. Choose words from the box to complete each sentence :
1. Abdul Hamid was awarded 
2. One shell of the enemy hit 
3. The Pakistani Army had got 
4. Abdul Hamid died fighting for 
5. The war between India and Pakistan
• Patton tanks.
• was fought in 1965.
• Param Vir Chakra for his bravery.
• his country in the Khemkaran Sector.
• Abdul Hamid while he was destroying the enemy tanks.


Vocabulary Enrichment

I. Match the words in column ‘A’ with their opposites in column ‘B’ :
A B far up die rise fall live war safe down near brave peace biggest smallest forward cowardly dangerous backward
II. Match the words in column ‘A’ with their meanings in column ‘B’ :
A B obey prize afraid cause harm award feeling fear special to do as told to do border member of an army soldier happening after death damage a line dividing two countries posthumously not ordinary; different from usual
III. Choose a suitable adjective for each blank :
1. A gun 2. A tank 3. A shot 4. A award 5. A soldier
crack brave machine powerful posthumous

IV. Fill in the blanks, selecting words from the following :
War is really a . On receiving the orders, the troops have to march . They have to carry a lot of war material with them. This material includes , and a lot of other equipment. The battlefield is a great scene of and every- where. The defeated loses ground and suffers losses. The gunfire goes un- abated till the for ceasefire arrive.

V. Complete this table for the Present, Past and Past Participle forms
of the given Verbs :
Present Past Past Participle 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
VI. Make as many colour words from the box as you can :
W B G G M Q B
H L R R E D L
I U E E N R A
T E Y E O O C
E P I N K S K
O R A N G E D P Y E L L O W
fire guns huge army curse shells orders flames
sit
did
gone hit
fought
died
6

Grammar in Use
Form of the verb that shows the time of the action, is called the Tense.
We have three main tenses in English :
1. Present 2. Past 3. Future
Each tense can have four different forms :
1. (i) Present Indefinite (write / writes)
(ii) Present Continuous (is / am / are + writing ) 
(iii) Present Perfect (has / have + written) 
(iv) Present Perfect Continuous (will / shall + have + written) 

2. (i) Past Indefinite (wrote)
(ii) Past Continuous (was / were + writing) 
(iii) Past Perfect (had written) 
( i v ) Past Perfect Continuous (had been writing) 

3. (i) Future Indefinite (will / shall + write)
(ii) Future Continuous (will / shall + be + writing) 
(iii) Future Perfect (will / shall + been + written) 
(iv) Future Perfect Continuous (will / shall + have + been + writing)

I. Say the Tense of each sentence. Then change the sentence into the
corresponding Past form : 
1. Soldiers are fighting at the border. 
2. War has been going on since long. 
3. Abdul Hamid fires at the Pakistani tanks. 
4. They want to attack our country. 
5. One shell hits his jeep. 
6. Then four more tanks come. 
7. The soldiers are moving forward. 
8. Our army has won the battle.

We have four main kinds of sentence : 
1. Assertive : An assertive sentence can be affirmative or negative, as – 
1. She goes to school daily. (affirmative) 
2. She does not go to school daily. (negative) 
2. Interrogative : An interrogative sentence asks a question, as –
1. Does she go to school ? 
2. Where is she going ? 
3. Imperative : An imperative sentence indicates some request, wish,
prayer or order, as –
1. Switch on the lights. 
2. Always tell the truth. 
4. Exclamatory : An exclamatory sentence expresses some sudden emotion of surprise, joy, sorrow, etc. as –
1. What a lovely rose it is ! 
2. How brave Abdul Hamid was ! 
II. Write two sentences of your own for each of the above kinds :
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Composition Writing
I. Relate, in your own words, the story of Abdul Hamid’s bravery.
II. Imagine you are Ramesh. You meet Ram Singh, a soldier from
Abdul Hamid’s company. Write an imagina