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(Supplementary Reader)

Class IX

Dr. Anand Malik An orphan lived in Sicily, Italy. He went around looking for work. He met a farmer who gave him the job of taking his goats to graze on the hills. Did the boy get paid for the work he did ? What happened when he wanted to leave the job ?
In Sicily, there once lived a boy who was always happy although he was very poor. His parents died when he was young, ..............................
...........................Then they fell on the ground because they were all very tired. But the boy went on to find his fortune with his violin under his arm, his gun on his back and the thousand pieces of silver in his pockets.


fortune : luck troubles : difficulties, sufferings mean : unkind miser : a person who does not like to spend money wages : money earned by working for someone shabby : in a bad shape spare : give appeared : came into sight, seen suddenly cloak : a coat without sleeves deserve : right to have rags : torn clothes certainly : sure, without doubt sentenced : gave judgement alarm : fear fetch : go and bring
B. COMPREHENSION 1. Why did the boy go to the farmer ? 2. What did the farmer ask him to do ?

3. How much did the farmer pay him and when ? 4. Who did the boy give his three coins and why ? 5. What did the old man give to the boy ? 6. Where did the boy go then ? What happened there ? 7. Why did the magistrate punish him ? What was the
punishment ? 8. How did the boy get the silver coins and his freedom back ?
The brain is mightier than a sword. Discuss.
The Five Continent Stories in Basic English By Dr. Anand Malik.
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Rabindranath Tagore
Sushilchandra wanted to do whatever pleased him-play all day, climb trees and miss school. Whereas his father Subalchandra longed to have his childhood back, so that he could study. The Lady of Wishes decided to fulfill their wishes for some time. Were they happy with the change ?

Subalchandra’s son was called Sushilchandra. But a name always does not reflect the person. ‘Subal’ means ‘strong’, but he was rather frail; ‘Sushil’ was not so well behaved, though his name means just that.

Next morning, Subal was the same old man as before, and Sushil woke up as the little boy he used to be. Both imagined they had been dreaming. Subal called his son and said, “Sushil, aren’t you going to start learning your grammar ?” Sushil scratched his head and said, “Father, I’ve lost my book."

frail : weak annoying : making people angry prank : trick played on people as a joke rheumatic : suffering from painful joints tummy-ache : pain in the stomach make-up : invent an excuse in a fix : in a mess, in a bad situation pampered : spoilt crack of dawn : very early in the morning seams : the line where two pieces of cloth
are sewn together yawned : still sleepy, so opened mouth wide
open to breathe deeply mischief : bad behaviour that makes people
angry nothing agreed with : made one feel ill or sick swollen : become bigger than normal box ears : pull someone’s ears

B. COMPREHENSION 1. Why did Sushilchandra’s neighbours get angry with him ? 2. Why did Sushil not want to go to school one Saturday ? What
happened then ? 3. Why did the Lady of Wishes grant wishes to both the father
and the son ?

4. What changes took place in Sushil ? 5. What happened to Subalchandra after his wish was
granted ? 6. Why was Sushil kept busy in the evening ? 7. Was Subalchandra happy with the change ? Why ? 8. What happened when the Lady of Wishes changed them
once more ?
Is it not necessary to be strict with children ? Discuss.
D. SUGGESTED READING 1. Tales Told by an Idiot by Mulak Raj Anand. 2. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.
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Question Bank

1.Q - Why is money considered so important ?
2. Q - Does time wait for anyone ?
3. Q - Who was Sher Singh Bahadur ?
4. Q - Why were there no men in the village ?
5. Q - What had happened to the other children ?
6. Q - Why did Persome rebuke Marie again and again ?
7. Q - Why had the Bishop gone to see Marie's mother ?
8. Q What is the theme or central idea of the poem "No men are foreign ".
     Act ( use as verb and noun )
    Book ( use as verb and noun )
    Close ( use as verb and noun )
Synonyms :-
     Allow, Beautiful, Discover, End, Excuse
Antonyms :-
     Active, Arrival, Attack, Better, Blunt
Homonyms :-
     Berth - Birth, Brake - Break, Cell - Sell, Died - Dyed, Hair - Hare
Conjunction :-
     1. Wisdom is better.........riches.
     2. I ran fast........ I missed the train.
     3. Wait .......... I come back.


Determiners ( ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ )

ਨਾਂਵ / Noun
ਅਸੀਂ ਹਰ ਰੋਜ ਕਿੰਨੇਂ ਹੀ ਵਾਕ ਪੜ੍ਹਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਜਾਂ ਲਿਖਦੇ ਹਾਂ | ਇਹਨਾਂ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਆਦਮੀ ਜਾਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਵਸਤੂ ਬਾਰੇ ਗੱਲ ਜਰੂਰ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ | ਇਹੀ ਆਦਮੀ ਜਾਂ ਵਸਤੂ ਜਿਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਵਾਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਗੱਲ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ ਨੂੰ ਨਾਂਵ ਆਖਦੇ ਹਾਂ |

We daily read or write so many sentences. We do talk of some person or thing in these sentences. Such person or things which we talk about are called Nouns.

ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਵਾਕ ਹੋਵੇ ਉਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਇੱਕ Noun ਜਰੂਰ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ |
ਇਹ ਉਹ Noun ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਵਾਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਗੱਲ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ |
ਜਿਵੇਂ :-

1. ਰਾਜੂ ਸਕੂਲ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ |
    Raju goes to school.

2. ਰੋਹਿਤ ਪਾਣੀ ਪੀਂਦਾ ਹੈ |
    Rohit drinks water.

ਉੱਪਰ ਲਿਖੇ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਰਾਜੂ ( Raju ) ਅਤੇ ਰੋਹਿਤ ( Rohit )  Noun ਹਨ | ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਜਿਹੇ Noun ਜਿਹਨਾਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਅਸੀਂ ਕੋਈ ਗੱਲ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ Subject ਵੀ ਕਿਹਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ |

What are Determiner ? ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਕੀ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ ?

Any word before the Noun, which determines the Noun is called Determiner ei.

ਨਾਂਵ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਆਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਕੋਈ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਜੋ ਨਾਂਵ ਨੂੰ ਨਿਰਧਾਰਿਤ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ ਨੂੰ ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਆਖਦੇ ਹਨ | ਜਿਵੇਂ :

ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ, ਇੱਕ ਬੈਲ, ਇਹ ਬਾਈਬਲ , ਕੁਝ ਲੜਕੀਆਂ, ਮੇਰਾ ਸਕੂਲ, ਥੋੜਾ ਪਾਣੀ, ਦੋ ਕੇਲੇ ਅਤੇ ਕਿਹੜਾ ਲੜਕਾ ਆਦਿ |

A book, An ox, The Bible, Some girls, My school, little water,  two bananas,  which boy

Kinds of Determiner ( ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ )

1. Possessive                                 My, our, your, his, her, its, their.

2. Demonstrative    Definite    :  The, this, that , these, those, which, some, etc.
                                 Indefinite :  A, an, any, some, other, certain, etc.

3. Quantitative                            Much, more, less, little, no, some, any, enough, sufficient, all,                                                             whole, half, etc.

4. Numeral                                : One, two, three, first, second, third, etc.
                                                   : All, some, no, many, few, several, etc.
                                                   : Both, each, every, neither, either, etc.

5. Articles          Definite          : The
                            Indefinite      : A, an

6. Wh. words                              What(ever), which(ever), whosoever, whose.

Let us learn the use of some determiners.
ਆਓ ਅਸੀਂ ਕੁਝ ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਯੋਗ ਕਰਨਾ ਸਿੱਖੀਏ :

Some ਅਤੇ Any ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਯੋਗ ਹੇਠ ਲਿਖੇ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ | Some ਦਾ ਅਰਥ ਹੈ "ਕੁਝ" | ਇਹਨਾਂ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਧਿਆਨ ਨਾਲ ਦੇਖੋ :

1. There are some students in the class.
    ਕਲਾਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੁਝ ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ ਹਨ |

2. Some people were standing at the bus stand.
    ਕੁਝ ਲੋਕ ਬਸ ਸਟੈਂਡ'ਤੇ ਖੜੇ ਸਨ |

3. I need some money.
    ਮੈਨੂੰ ਕੁਝ ਪੈਸਿਆਂ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ੍ਹ ਹੈ |

4. I bought some vegetables.
    ਮੈਂ ਕੁਝ ਸਬਜ਼ੀ ਖਰੀਦੀ |

5. You must have some knowledge of your city.
    ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੇ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੀ ਕੁਝ ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਜਰੂਰ ਹੋਣੀ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ |


Main Course (L-6,7)

Q. 1. Why did Persome rebuke Marie again and again?
Ans. Persome rebukes Marie all the time. She rebukes her for telling the Bishop that her mother is not well.

Q. 2. Why had the Bishop gone to see Marie’s Mother?
Ans. The Bishop asked Marie how her mother was. She told that she was not feeling well. Bishop was very kindhearted person. He at once went to see her mother.

Q. 3. What happened to the silver salt-cellar?
Ans. There was a poor woman. Her name was Mere Gringoire. She was too poor to pay her house rent. Her landlord could turn her out of the house. The Bishop was a kindhearted man. He sold his salt-cellar to help the woman.

Q. 4. Persome said that she could not trust the Bishop out of her sight. Why?
Ans. The Bishop is very kind hearted man. Persome thinks that people try to befool him. Marie told Bishop that her mother is not well. He at once went to see her. Persome is angry with him. She says lovingly,” you are like a child. I can’t trust you out of my sight.

Q. 5. What did the convict want?
Ans. The convict said that he had eaten nothing for three days.He was starving.He asked the Bishop to give him food to eat.

Q. 6. Why did the Bishop leave the doors unbarred?
Ans. The Bishop believed in the goodness of mankind. He had no fear of any theft. That was why he kept the doors unbarred.

Q. 7. Why did the convict become a thief?
Ans. The convict was out of job. His wife was ill. She was dying. He had no food to give her. So he had to steal to buy food for his wife.

Q. 8. What did the convict tell the Bishop about his prison life?
Ans.  The convict told the Bishop that he was kept chained like a wild animal. He was lashed. He was fed on filth. He was made to sleep on boards. If he complained, he was lashed again.

Q. 9. Why did the convict steal again?
Ans. The convict had run away from prison. He spent the night in the Bishop’s house. There he saw the Bishop’s silver candlesticks. He thought he could get a lot of money by selling them. That was why he stole them. He said they would help him to start a new life.

Q. 10. Who had given the candlesticks to the Bishop?
Ans. His mother had given him the candlesticks as a gift.

Q. 11. Why did the Bishop not go to the police?
Ans. The Bishop knew how cruelly the convict had been treated in prison. He did not want him to be caught and sent to prison again. So he didn’t go to the police.

Q. 12. What did the Bishop tell the policeman about the convict?
Ans. The Bishop told the police that the convict was his friend. He also said that he himself had given him the candlesticks.

Q. 13. Why does the Bishop give the candlesticks to the convict in the end?
Ans. The Bishop is very kindhearted man. He knows that the convict has no money with him. He could sell the candlesticks and thus have some money. That is why he gives the candlesticks to him.

Q. 14. Write a short note on the Bishop.
Ans. The Bishop is a very kindhearted person. He goes out in the cold night to attend on the sick mother of his maid. He sells his silver salt-cellars to pay the rent for a poor old woman. The Bishop is also very forgiving. The convict runs away with his candlesticks. Even then the Bishop saved him from the police.

Q. 15. Write a short note on Persome’s Bhaviour.
Ans.  Persome is the Bishop’s sister. From her talking with Marie she appears to be a short-tempered , selfish and abusive woman. She loves her brother very deeply. All her wrongs are born out of her love for the brother.

Q. 16. Write a short note on the changing of the convict from a wild beast to a man.
Ans. The convict threatens to kill the Bishop. But the Bishop gives him food to eat and a comfortable bed to sleep on. The convict slips away with the Bishop’s candlesticks. A police man catches him and brings him to the Bishop. But the Bishop says that he himself has given him the candlesticks. This kindness of the Bishop touches the convict’s heart. He is now changed completely.


                                Prepared by : Omeshwar Narain

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