ENGLISH LITERATURE BOOK
1 THE MAGIC VIOLIN
Dr. Anand Malik An orphan lived in Sicily, Italy. He went around looking for work. He met a farmer who gave him the job of taking his goats to graze on the hills. Did the boy get paid for the work he did ? What happened when he wanted to leave the job ?
In Sicily, there once lived a boy who was always happy although he was very poor. His parents died when he was young, so he set out by himself to seek his fortune. He laughed merrily at everything and all through his troubles he was cheerful and happy. He went about the country looking for work, and at last one day he came to a farmhouse. He knocked at the door and the farmer came out.
‘What do you want ?’ the farmer asked angrily. He was a mean person and a miser and thought that the boy must be a beggar.
‘I want work,’ said the boy smiling. ‘And any kind of work.’ ‘I see,’ said the miser less angrily, and he saw a way of getting something for nothing. ‘Well, you can come and look after my goats.’
So the boy went to live in the farmhouse, and every day he took the goats to the hills to graze.
At the end of three years, the boy wanted a change of work because he felt lonely in the hills. When he came home at night, he never saw anyone to talk to but the old farmer. One evening, he told his master that he wanted to leave him. He asked for his wages that he had earned during the three years on the farm.
‘Wages !’ cried the farmer angrily. ‘Wages ! I never said anything about the wages when I gave you work.’
‘That is so,’ answered the boy, ‘but no one ever works for nothing. I did not settle the wages then because I thought you are a just man.’
‘And I am a just man,’ roared the farmer. ‘No one has ever told me that I was not that before. You shall see ! I will pay your wages even though I do not owe you any.’
Then he gave the boy three copper coins for three year’s work. The boy looked at them and laughed. He put the coins in his pocket, took his shabby hat and went off whistling.
That night he slept under a haystack, and in the morning when he woke up, he saw an old beggar in front of him. The boy smiled and said:
‘Good morning, my friend, you are out of bed early.’ ‘I am,’ replied the beggar. ‘I was so hungry that I could not have slept even if I had a bed of feathers to lie on. Can you spare me a copper coin or two ? I am so hungry.’
The boy put his hand into his pocket and took out the three copper coins that were his wages for three years.
‘Take these,’ he said cheerfully. ‘It took me a long time to earn them, but I can go back to the goats again and earn some more.’
As the beggar took the three copper coins, his rags fell from his body, and in their place appeared a black velvet cloak with silver work on it.
‘You are a good lad, I see,’ said the old man. ‘I am not a beggar. I am an angel. I can grant you two wishes. What do you want ? I can grant gifts to those who deserve them.’
The boy thought for a moment and said, ‘I would like to have a violin which plays music to make all men dance, and a gun that will always hit the thing at which I aim.’
The old man smiled and at once from beneath his cloak he brought out a violin and a gun. He gave them to the boy.
‘May they bring you the happiness that you deserve !’ he said and disappeared.
The boy made his way back towards the farm where he had worked for three long years for three copper coins, and just as he went near the gate, a bird flew up from a field. At once the boy aimed at it with his magic gun and, of course, hit the bird. As the bird fell, the farmer came out of the house and went to pick it up.
‘That is mine,’ he shouted. ‘Certainly,’ answered the boy. ‘But you may only have it by dancing for it.’
‘I will have none of your rudeness, you rascal,’ shouted the farmer. But before he could reach the bird, the boy began to play on his violin and the farmer had to dance. He danced and the boy would not stop playing.
‘Stop !’ shouted the tired farmer. ‘Stop, oh please stop ! I will give you a thousand pieces of silver if you only stop !’
‘Let us go and fetch them first,’ said the boy. So, still dancing, the farmer went into his house and took the silver coins from beneath a board in the floor where he had hidden them; and the boy played on and on. It was only when the farmer held out the thousand pieces of silver to the boy that he stopped playing the violin.
Then he went on his way, but the farmer ran before him into the village and told the police that the boy was a thief.
The magistrate sent out the policemen and they soon caught the boy with the thousand pieces of silver that the farmer said he had stolen.
In those days, in Sicily, the punishment for stealing was death. It seemed impossible for such a poor boy to have such a large sum of money, so he was sentenced to be hanged at once.
The boy asked the magistrate to let him play the violin before he was hanged. The kind magistrate allowed him to do so.
The farmer cried out in alarm when he saw the hangman give the violin back to the boy and shouted to the magistrate:
‘He must not play ! He must not play ! Oh ! Do not let him play !’ But the magistrate only smiled and said :
‘It can do no harm. Let the poor lad play the violin for a few minutes; he is too young to die.’ So the boy began to play the violin. At once the magistrate and the hangman and the farmer and all the people, who were gathered in the marketplace to see the poor boy hanged, began to dance. They danced and a danced and while the boy played, they could not stop dancing.
‘Oh ! Oh ! Oh !’ the magistrate cried. ‘I cannot go on, I cannot!’ But he had to dance because he could not stop.
‘Make him stop !’ cried the tired farmer. ‘Make him stop ! He can have my thousand pieces of silver if he stops.’
‘I shall die. I shall die !’ cried the hangman. ‘I can dance no more, make him stop !’
But the boy played on, and the magistrate and the hangman and the farmer looked like dead people dancing, for they had no strength left in them, but they could not stop.
At last the magistrate cried, ‘Stop, boy, stop ! You shall go free. The farmer gives you the thousand pieces of silver and I give you your freedom.’
‘Very well,’ said the boy, ‘tell the hangman to fetch my gun and silver pieces and I will stop.’
So the hangman danced away to the courthouse where the silver and the gun were kept. He returned with the boy’s things in his hands. The boy said:
‘Tie the gun to my belt and put the money in my pockets, because I trust no one any more. I shall not stop playing until I have that which is my own and I am too far away from you to catch me again.’
When the gun was tied to his belt and the money was in his pockets, he began to walk away, but he still played on the violin because he would not trust them.
The farmer and the magistrate and the hangman kept on dancing in the marketplace until the sound of the violin had died in the distance. Then they fell on the ground because they were all very tired. But the boy went on to find his fortune with his violin under his arm, his gun on his back and the thousand pieces of silver in his pockets.
fortune : luck troubles : difficulties, sufferings mean : unkind miser : a person who does not like to spend money wages : money earned by working for someone shabby : in a bad shape spare : give appeared : came into sight, seen suddenly cloak : a coat without sleeves deserve : right to have rags : torn clothes certainly : sure, without doubt sentenced : gave judgement alarm : fear fetch : go and bring
B. COMPREHENSION 1. Why did the boy go to the farmer ? 2. What did the farmer ask him to do ?
3. How much did the farmer pay him and when ? 4. Who did the boy give his three coins and why ? 5. What did the old man give to the boy ? 6. Where did the boy go then ? What happened there ? 7. Why did the magistrate punish him ? What was the
punishment ? 8. How did the boy get the silver coins and his freedom back ?
The brain is mightier than a sword. Discuss.
D. SUGGESTED READING
The Five Continent Stories in Basic English By Dr. Anand Malik.
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2 WISHES COME TRUE
Sushilchandra wanted to do whatever pleased him-play all day, climb trees and miss school. Whereas his father Subalchandra longed to have his childhood back, so that he could study. The Lady of Wishes decided to fulfill their wishes for some time. Were they happy with the change ?
Subalchandra’s son was called Sushilchandra. But a name always does not reflect the person. ‘Subal’ means ‘strong’, but he was rather frail; ‘Sushil’ was not so well behaved, though his name means just that.
The boy was always annoying the neighbours with his pranks, so his father would often run after him to punish him. But the father was rheumatic, while the boy ran like a deer, so the blows did not always hit the mark.
It was Saturday, when school closed early at two o’clock, but Sushil did not feel like going to school at all. There were several reasons for this. First, there was going to be a geography test; and second, there would be a fireworks show in the evening at the Boses’, for which they were going to prepare from the morning. Sushil had planned to spend the whole day there. So he went back to bed when it was time for school. His father came and asked, “What’s wrong ? Why are you in bed ? Aren’t you going to school ?”
“I’ve got a tummy-ache. I can’t go to school today,” said Sushil.
Subal could easily see that the boy was making it up. So he said to himself, “Wait, I must teach him a lesson.” Aloud he said, ‘A tummy ache, is it ? Then you’d better stay at home all day. Hari can go by himself to see the fireworks at the Boses’. And don’t have any of those toffees I got for you. Just lie down quietly while I mix you some of that bitter medicine.” He locked the boy in and went off to prepare it.
Sushil was in a fix. He loved toffees just as much as he hated the bitter medicine. And he also wanted to go to the Boses’ house. When Subal Babu returned with the huge bowl of medicine, Sushil got up from the bed and said, “My tummy’s stopped aching ! I think I’ll go to school.”
“No, no,” said his father, “just drink this up and rest.” He forced the boy to swallow the medicine, locked the door again and left.
Sushil cried the whole day and thought, “If only I were as old as my father ! I could do just as I pleased – no one could lock me up.”
His father sat outside thinking, “My parents pampered me too much; that’s why I didn’t get proper education. If I get back my childhood ! This time I’d study properly and not waste time.” Now the Lady of Wishes happened to pass that house and heard what the father and the son said. “Well, let me make their wishes come true for some time and see what happens !”
So she appeared before the father and told him, “You will have what you want. Tomorrow you will be your son’s age.” To the son she said, “You will be as old as your father tomorrow.” Both of them were happy to hear this.
Old Subalchandra did not sleep well at night; he fell asleep only towards the morning. But today a strange thing happened; he leapt out of the bed at the crack of the dawn. He discovered that he had become very small. He had got back all his teeth, and lost his beard and moustache. His clothes were now much too big for him.
Meanwhile our Sushilchandra just could not get up today. When at last he was woken up by his father’s shouts, he found that he had grown so much overnight that his clothes had burst their seams. His face was covered with grey stubble, and he had also become bald. He did not feel like getting up at all. He yawned again and again. The noise by his father finally made him get up.
Their wishes had come true, but it only made trouble for them. Sushil had always imagined that if he grew up and be free like his father, he would climb trees, dive into the pool, eat green mangoes, plunder birds’ nests and roam around all day long. He would come home and eat whatever he liked, whenever he liked, with no one to scold him. But strange to say, that morning he did not want to climb a tree. He did not want to swim either. He thought he would catch cold and have fever. He rolled out a mat and sat there, thinking quietly to himself.
Once he thought he should not give up all games so suddenly he should at least try. So he got up and tried to climb an amra tree nearby. As soon as he tried to pull himself up by a thin branch, it broke under his weight and he fell to the ground. Passers-by laughed loudly to see the old man playing childish pranks. With lowered head, he came back to his mat on the porch, called the servant and said, “Boy, bring me a rupee’s worth of toffees from the market.”
Sushil had always been fond of toffees. Every day at the shop near the school, he saw sweets of many colours, and bought some whenever he was given a few paise. He had always dreamt of stuffing his pockets with them when he had lots of money. Today his servant brought him a whole rupee’s worth. He took a piece and started eating it; but the old man did not care for children’s sweets. “Let me give them to my child-father,” he thought; but at once decided, “No, it’ll make the boy sick.’
All the little boys who had played kabaddi with Sushil till yesterday came as usual, saw the old man and ran away. Sushil had always thought he would play kabaddi with his friends all day long if he were as free as his father; but now the sight of them only irritated him. “I am sitting in peace,” he thought , “and here come these boys to bother me.”
Subalchandra had the habit of sitting on the porch on his mat each day and think. “When I was young, I wasted my time in mischief. If I get my childhood back, I’d shut myself in my room and study quietly all day.” But after getting his childhood, he did not like going to school. Sushil would ask him in the morning, “Baba, won’t you go to school ?” Subal would scratch his head, lower his eyes and say, “I’ve got tummy-ache, I can’t go to school.” Sushil would grow angry at this; “Oh, can’t you ? I also had lots of tummy-aches in my days when it was my time to go to school. I know your tricks.”
Sushil began sending his little father to school by force. On returning home, Subal wanted to run about and play, but at that time old Subal wanted to put on his glasses and read aloud from the
Ramayana in a sing-song voice. Subal’s noisy games disturbed him, so he would make Subal sit down with his slate and do sums. They were such long sums that his father took a whole hour to do a single one. In the evenings, a group of old men gathered in Sushil’s room to play chess. To keep Subal quiet at that time, Sushil hired a tutor who kept Subal busy till ten at night.
Old Sushil too got into all kinds of trouble. Nothing he had liked as a child agreed with him any longer. He used to take a dip in the pond. On doing it now, his joints grew stiff and swollen, and he got rheumatism that took six months to cure. After that he bathed once every two days with warm water, and did not let Subal bathe in the pond either. If he jumped out of bed as he had done as a child, all his bones would ache. No sooner did he put a paan into his mouth, than he found he had no teeth to chew it with. By chance if he took up a comb, he would be reminded that he had no hair left.
Subalchandra, too, sometimes forgot how young he was. Imagining himself to be as old as before, he would turn up at old men’s gatherings where they were playing cards or dice, and begin to talk like a grown-up. They would box his ears and send him away saying, “Run away and play.”
At last Subal began to pray earnestly: “If only I were as old as my son Sushil, and free to do what I liked!” And Sushil would pray, “O Lord ! Make me as young as my father, so that I might play again as much as I want to. I can’t control my father any more. He’s become very naughty, and I’m worried about him all the time.”
The Lady of Wishes now came again to ask, “ Well, have you had enough of your wishes ?”
Both father and son bowed their heads as low as her feet. “Yes, mother, we’ve had enough. Please turn us back into what we were before !”
“All right,” she said, “you will both be yourselves again tomorrow morning.”
Next morning, Subal was the same old man as before, and Sushil woke up as the little boy he used to be. Both imagined they had been dreaming. Subal called his son and said, “Sushil, aren’t you going to start learning your grammar ?” Sushil scratched his head and said, “Father, I’ve lost my book."
frail : weak annoying : making people angry prank : trick played on people as a joke rheumatic : suffering from painful joints tummy-ache : pain in the stomach make-up : invent an excuse in a fix : in a mess, in a bad situation pampered : spoilt crack of dawn : very early in the morning seams : the line where two pieces of cloth
are sewn together yawned : still sleepy, so opened mouth wide
open to breathe deeply mischief : bad behaviour that makes people
angry nothing agreed with : made one feel ill or sick swollen : become bigger than normal box ears : pull someone’s ears
B. COMPREHENSION 1. Why did Sushilchandra’s neighbours get angry with him ? 2. Why did Sushil not want to go to school one Saturday ? What
happened then ? 3. Why did the Lady of Wishes grant wishes to both the father
and the son ?
WISHES COME TRUE
4. What changes took place in Sushil ? 5. What happened to Subalchandra after his wish was
granted ? 6. Why was Sushil kept busy in the evening ? 7. Was Subalchandra happy with the change ? Why ? 8. What happened when the Lady of Wishes changed them
once more ?
Is it not necessary to be strict with children ? Discuss.
D. SUGGESTED READING 1. Tales Told by an Idiot by Mulak Raj Anand. 2. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.
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1.Q - Why is money considered so important ?
2. Q - Does time wait for anyone ?
3. Q - Who was Sher Singh Bahadur ?
4. Q - Why were there no men in the village ?
5. Q - What had happened to the other children ?
6. Q - Why did Persome rebuke Marie again and again ?
7. Q - Why had the Bishop gone to see Marie's mother ?
8. Q What is the theme or central idea of the poem "No men are foreign ".
Act ( use as verb and noun )
Book ( use as verb and noun )
Close ( use as verb and noun )
Allow, Beautiful, Discover, End, Excuse
Active, Arrival, Attack, Better, Blunt
Berth - Birth, Brake - Break, Cell - Sell, Died - Dyed, Hair - Hare
1. Wisdom is better.........riches.
2. I ran fast........ I missed the train.
3. Wait .......... I come back.
Determiners ( ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ )
ਨਾਂਵ / Noun
ਅਸੀਂ ਹਰ ਰੋਜ ਕਿੰਨੇਂ ਹੀ ਵਾਕ ਪੜ੍ਹਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਜਾਂ ਲਿਖਦੇ ਹਾਂ | ਇਹਨਾਂ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਸੀਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਆਦਮੀ ਜਾਂ ਕਿਸੇ ਵਸਤੂ ਬਾਰੇ ਗੱਲ ਜਰੂਰ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ | ਇਹੀ ਆਦਮੀ ਜਾਂ ਵਸਤੂ ਜਿਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਵਾਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਗੱਲ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ ਨੂੰ ਨਾਂਵ ਆਖਦੇ ਹਾਂ |
We daily read or write so many sentences. We do talk of some person or thing in these sentences. Such person or things which we talk about are called Nouns.
ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਵਾਕ ਹੋਵੇ ਉਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਇੱਕ Noun ਜਰੂਰ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ |
ਇਹ ਉਹ Noun ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਬਾਰੇ ਵਾਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਗੱਲ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ |
1. ਰਾਜੂ ਸਕੂਲ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ |
Raju goes to school.
2. ਰੋਹਿਤ ਪਾਣੀ ਪੀਂਦਾ ਹੈ |
Rohit drinks water.
ਉੱਪਰ ਲਿਖੇ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਰਾਜੂ ( Raju ) ਅਤੇ ਰੋਹਿਤ ( Rohit ) Noun ਹਨ | ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਜਿਹੇ Noun ਜਿਹਨਾਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਅਸੀਂ ਕੋਈ ਗੱਲ ਕਰਦੇ ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ Subject ਵੀ ਕਿਹਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ |
What are Determiner ? ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਕੀ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ ?
Any word before the Noun, which determines the Noun is called Determiner ei.
ਨਾਂਵ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਆਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਕੋਈ ਅਜਿਹਾ ਸ਼ਬਦ ਜੋ ਨਾਂਵ ਨੂੰ ਨਿਰਧਾਰਿਤ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ ਨੂੰ ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਆਖਦੇ ਹਨ | ਜਿਵੇਂ :
ਇੱਕ ਕਿਤਾਬ, ਇੱਕ ਬੈਲ, ਇਹ ਬਾਈਬਲ , ਕੁਝ ਲੜਕੀਆਂ, ਮੇਰਾ ਸਕੂਲ, ਥੋੜਾ ਪਾਣੀ, ਦੋ ਕੇਲੇ ਅਤੇ ਕਿਹੜਾ ਲੜਕਾ ਆਦਿ |
A book, An ox, The Bible, Some girls, My school, little water, two bananas, which boy
Kinds of Determiner ( ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਦੇ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ )
1. Possessive My, our, your, his, her, its, their.
2. Demonstrative Definite : The, this, that , these, those, which, some, etc.
Indefinite : A, an, any, some, other, certain, etc.
3. Quantitative Much, more, less, little, no, some, any, enough, sufficient, all, whole, half, etc.
4. Numeral : One, two, three, first, second, third, etc.
: All, some, no, many, few, several, etc.
: Both, each, every, neither, either, etc.
5. Articles Definite : The
Indefinite : A, an
6. Wh. words What(ever), which(ever), whosoever, whose.
Let us learn the use of some determiners.
ਆਓ ਅਸੀਂ ਕੁਝ ਡਿਟਰਮਿਨਰਜ਼ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਯੋਗ ਕਰਨਾ ਸਿੱਖੀਏ :
Some ਅਤੇ Any ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਯੋਗ ਹੇਠ ਲਿਖੇ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ | Some ਦਾ ਅਰਥ ਹੈ "ਕੁਝ" | ਇਹਨਾਂ ਵਾਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਧਿਆਨ ਨਾਲ ਦੇਖੋ :
1. There are some students in the class.
ਕਲਾਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੁਝ ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ ਹਨ |
2. Some people were standing at the bus stand.
ਕੁਝ ਲੋਕ ਬਸ ਸਟੈਂਡ'ਤੇ ਖੜੇ ਸਨ |
3. I need some money.
ਮੈਨੂੰ ਕੁਝ ਪੈਸਿਆਂ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ੍ਹ ਹੈ |
4. I bought some vegetables.
ਮੈਂ ਕੁਝ ਸਬਜ਼ੀ ਖਰੀਦੀ |
5. You must have some knowledge of your city.
ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਆਪਣੇ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੀ ਕੁਝ ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਜਰੂਰ ਹੋਣੀ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ |
Main Course (L-6,7)
Q. 1. Why did Persome rebuke Marie again and again?
Ans. Persome rebukes Marie all the time. She rebukes her for telling the Bishop that her mother is not well.
Q. 2. Why had the Bishop gone to see Marie’s Mother?
Ans. The Bishop asked Marie how her mother was. She told that she was not feeling well. Bishop was very kindhearted person. He at once went to see her mother.
Q. 3. What happened to the silver salt-cellar?
Ans. There was a poor woman. Her name was Mere Gringoire. She was too poor to pay her house rent. Her landlord could turn her out of the house. The Bishop was a kindhearted man. He sold his salt-cellar to help the woman.
Q. 4. Persome said that she could not trust the Bishop out of her sight. Why?
Ans. The Bishop is very kind hearted man. Persome thinks that people try to befool him. Marie told Bishop that her mother is not well. He at once went to see her. Persome is angry with him. She says lovingly,” you are like a child. I can’t trust you out of my sight.
Q. 5. What did the convict want?
Ans. The convict said that he had eaten nothing for three days.He was starving.He asked the Bishop to give him food to eat.
Q. 6. Why did the Bishop leave the doors unbarred?
Ans. The Bishop believed in the goodness of mankind. He had no fear of any theft. That was why he kept the doors unbarred.
Q. 7. Why did the convict become a thief?
Ans. The convict was out of job. His wife was ill. She was dying. He had no food to give her. So he had to steal to buy food for his wife.
Q. 8. What did the convict tell the Bishop about his prison life?
Ans. The convict told the Bishop that he was kept chained like a wild animal. He was lashed. He was fed on filth. He was made to sleep on boards. If he complained, he was lashed again.
Q. 9. Why did the convict steal again?
Ans. The convict had run away from prison. He spent the night in the Bishop’s house. There he saw the Bishop’s silver candlesticks. He thought he could get a lot of money by selling them. That was why he stole them. He said they would help him to start a new life.
Q. 10. Who had given the candlesticks to the Bishop?
Ans. His mother had given him the candlesticks as a gift.
Q. 11. Why did the Bishop not go to the police?
Ans. The Bishop knew how cruelly the convict had been treated in prison. He did not want him to be caught and sent to prison again. So he didn’t go to the police.
Q. 12. What did the Bishop tell the policeman about the convict?
Ans. The Bishop told the police that the convict was his friend. He also said that he himself had given him the candlesticks.
Q. 13. Why does the Bishop give the candlesticks to the convict in the end?
Ans. The Bishop is very kindhearted man. He knows that the convict has no money with him. He could sell the candlesticks and thus have some money. That is why he gives the candlesticks to him.
Q. 14. Write a short note on the Bishop.
Ans. The Bishop is a very kindhearted person. He goes out in the cold night to attend on the sick mother of his maid. He sells his silver salt-cellars to pay the rent for a poor old woman. The Bishop is also very forgiving. The convict runs away with his candlesticks. Even then the Bishop saved him from the police.
Q. 15. Write a short note on Persome’s Bhaviour.
Ans. Persome is the Bishop’s sister. From her talking with Marie she appears to be a short-tempered , selfish and abusive woman. She loves her brother very deeply. All her wrongs are born out of her love for the brother.
Q. 16. Write a short note on the changing of the convict from a wild beast to a man.
Ans. The convict threatens to kill the Bishop. But the Bishop gives him food to eat and a comfortable bed to sleep on. The convict slips away with the Bishop’s candlesticks. A police man catches him and brings him to the Bishop. But the Bishop says that he himself has given him the candlesticks. This kindness of the Bishop touches the convict’s heart. He is now changed completely.
Prepared by : Omeshwar Narain